The phrase “let go and let god” is a reminder to revisit our surrender, to recognize the things we cannot change, and to let our higher power handle the stuff we know we can’t.
The phrase “let go and let god” is a reminder to revisit our surrender, to recognize the things we cannot change, and to let our higher power handle the stuff we know we can’t.
“The problem is I’m an addict and one is too many and a thousand is not enough,” says Mark G., in his frank and moving post about addiction and recovery. “It didn’t take long for things to escalate to the point where I was causing emotional and spiritual pain for my wife and children. I put the drugs before the welfare of my family, myself, my job, my friends, everything. Insanity personified in all areas of my life. I was oozing self-pity and the drugs became harder and using was a full-time job.”
Right now in Canada, more than 2 million people are facing an addiction to alcohol and drugs like prescription pills, opioids, heroin, and cocaine.
For these people, addiction makes it hard to lead any semblance of a normal life. It can harden the hearts of your family members, friends, and employers toward you as your addiction rages its way through your relationships, finances, and personal life, with often devastating consequences.
With the right treatment program however, thousands recover.
We know that getting help for addiction can be hard. Admitting you have a problem with a drug like cocaine is a difficult first step. Choosing quality, affordable rehab that you can trust to work can be confusing. But the right help can save your life and lead to lasting recovery and healing.
In this article, we explain what cocaine addiction is, when and how to get the right help, and why Renascent has been a leading addiction treatment choice for people, families, and their doctors for 50 years.
The road to recovery starts here.
Cocaine is a stimulant drug derived from the coca plant. In South America, native people used to chew the leaves of the coca plant for more energy while working in the fields. It was also once used as a local anesthetic and as a treatment for conditions like depression and other addictions.
The importation, manufacture, sale and possession of cocaine has been banned in Canada since 1911. Yet its use became “mainstream” in the 1970s and early ’80s, when it was known as a “rich people’s drug” and considered “not physically addictive” because of its high cost, rarity, and lack of the strong physical withdrawal symptoms characterized by other hard drugs such as heroin.
Today, we know much more about this drug and its dangers.
Cocaine can be snorted, injected, or freebased (cheaper, crack cocaine). It is also known by several street names: blow, C, coke, crack, flake, freebase, rock, and snow. As a stimulant, cocaine can make people feel more alert, energetic, or euphoric.
Cocaine is highly addictive: with a rush lasting just two to five minutes, a user needs to use almost continuously to try to maintain their high. In experiments done on mice, cocaine was found to be so addictive that mice will repeatedly choose it over food and water, until they die.
According to the Global Drug Survey 2019, a survey of more than 130,000 people across 36 countries, Canadians are the second-most frequent users of cocaine, reporting using the drug 10 times on average each year, with the global average being six times per year. Canadians in the study also reported using half a gram of cocaine, which matches the average worldwide.
Meanwhile, the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health reports that a 2009 survey of Ontario students in grades seven to 12 found that 2.6 per cent had already used cocaine and 1.1 per cent had used crack at least once in the past year.
The danger of course is that with regular use, people become tolerant to the euphoric effects of cocaine. Users need to take more and more of the drug to get the same desired effect.
A cocaine addiction makes you lose control over your use of the drug. The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health says that once a person has become addicted to cocaine, it can be one of the hardest drug habits to break. But how do you know if you, or someone you love, has an addiction to cocaine?
It’s important to recognize that if questions like “Is this becoming a problem for me?” are already in your mind, it’s a subject worth investigating, not dismissing. You probably wouldn’t be thinking it at all if your substance use wasn’t causing any negative consequences in your life, or the life of someone close to you.
Addiction and users come in all shapes and sizes, from the novice experimenter to the functioning user to the chronically addicted unemployable person, and likewise there isn’t a single question that will definitively determine whether or not you are addicted. But there are signs that can help you determine whether cocaine use is manageable in your life, or whether things have gotten out of hand.
There are serious side effects from cocaine. It’s a powerful stimulant that causes the heart to beat faster and blood vessels to constrict, which can lead to heart attacks. Cocaine overdose can also lead to strokes, and habitual use can cause high blood pressure, weight loss, lung damage, and kidney failure.
Despite its lack of physical withdrawal symptoms (such as the vomiting and sweating associated with opiate withdrawal), cocaine withdrawal is very painful. Cocaine withdrawal symptoms include intense cravings, severe depression, anxiety, fatigue, irritability, anger, mood swings, and sleeplessness. It’s little wonder the relapse rate for cocaine is high.
Specifically, you might need help for a cocaine addiction if you are:
These signs of addiction, along with changes to your normal behaviour, are strong warnings that all is not well by outside standards. Yet what really matters in terms of seeking help is whether you feel these problems are serious enough to take a real look at how the substance is affecting your life, and consider modifying your behaviour.
If you think you might have an addiction, we understand and we can help.
Many of us have unfortunately been raised to believe that admitting to a drug or alcohol problem can seem like weakness or even failure. It’s no surprise then that many people who have become addicted to cocaine find it so hard to admit they need help, despite all the signs of a problem.
In fact, substance use disorder is considered a chronic disorder by the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). That means that if you’re experiencing problems as a result of drug or alcohol use, it doesn’t make you bad, wrong, stupid, unlucky, self-destructive, selfish, crazy, or all the other labels you or others may have applied.
In their post about mental health and addiction, Scott Kellogg and Andrew Tatarsky call on all health professionals to follow the DSM-5 and treat addiction as a psychiatric mental health disorder, recognizing that many, if not most, people who experience addiction also have additional psychiatric issues such as PTSD, depression, anxiety disorders, psychosis, ADHD, and various personality disorders.
“With or without a diagnosable condition, people use substances for reasons that need to be respected and addressed,” say the authors in their post, as they also make a strong case for how to fully integrate mental health and addiction treatment for better recovery and lasting healing for more addicts.
Addiction is a serious disorder, for which effective help is available. Finding and attending an accredited and experienced addiction treatment and rehab centre can be the solution.
In Bruce Goldman’s post, he explains in detail the science behind our current understanding of the addicted brain. In short, it’s now thought that addiction is a type of physiological learning, which is why it is so hard for our bodies to unlearn drug and alcohol dependency. Willpower is important to quitting, but not enough, and the evidence is piling up for just why short-term detox programs don’t lead to lasting recovery from addiction.
Goldman also explains how addictive drugs mimic natural rewards such as food and sex by reinforcing the network of our brains linked to enjoyment, known as our reward circuitry. But addictive drugs fire up our reward circuitry in a more powerful way that natural rewards can’t, and even once the enjoyment is gone, the long-lasting changes that make you crave that drug are set.
On the outside, we can see the physical symptoms of withdrawal and addiction, such as nausea and cramps. But inside the addicted brain, according to Goldman, the neurological wiring has been changed to make the user “crave, seek and use a drug again and again because of the learned memory of it being more wonderful than anything else, and because your brain has been rewired so that, when exposed to anything that reminds you of the drug, you will feel rotten if you don’t get some.”
At Renascent, our addiction rehab programs work because we use an abstinence-based treatment model that integrates 12-step facilitation with evidence-based programs, up-to-date clinical and medical best practices, and the highest quality standards of care.
And while medical science can’t fully explain why some people develop issues with addiction and others don’t, we do know that alcohol and drug abuse are linked to several risk factors including:
Having one or more of these risk factors does not mean you will become an alcoholic or an addict; the relationship is not cause and effect, but rather something to be aware of.
In Canada, our publicly funded healthcare systems means everyone has access to some help. Talking to your doctor, going to a walk-in clinic, seeing a public health nurse — any of these healthcare settings can help you and refer you to a reputable addiction treatment centre with a good record. Many of these treatment centres, including Renascent, have financial need pricing if affordability is an issue.
Most importantly, we know that recovery from cocaine addiction is possible. Quitting cocaine is hard, but people can and do recover with the right treatment for their coke addiction.
There is no magic pill, quick fix, or single technique to help someone recover from cocaine addiction. You can change your life and recover from addiction and be happier than you ever were before; it’s just a matter of doing the work.
It begins with taking the first step: admitting that help is needed and accepting that help. Sometimes a cocaine addict has to be badly battered by the drug before they will take this step. But once taken, the journey to recovery from cocaine addiction has already begun. In cocaine addiction, the first step of being honest about your addiction is to be able to say: “I admit that I am powerless over cocaine, and that my life has become unmanageable.”
From there, a successful treatment plan for cocaine addiction will include:
We’re here to help match you with the support you need. Call us anytime for a confidential assessment, and one of our trained experts will connect you with the best program for you.
|If You Are:||We Might Suggest:|
|Looking for one-on-one support||A one-on-one counselling session with one of our addiction experts|
|Seeking a community who understands||Inpatient treatment with group counselling, or AA/NA/CA/OA meetings|
|Struggling with relapse||42-days of Inpatient Treatment, followed by active participation in our Continuing Care program.|
|In recovery, but looking to connect with informal support||Getting involved with Renascent’s Alumni Care community. There are regular meetings, engaged committees, and events for everyone. We’re here for life!|
|Concerned how addiction in your family might be impacting your children||Safe programs geared for kids and parents/caregivers, such as Children’s Healthy Coping Skills|
|Worried about your family member or loved one, including siblings, close friends, and partners||Our Essential Family Care Programs, particularly the Introduction to Family Care|
|A parent in active recovery||A weekend course like Parenting in Recovery, to help you boost your parenting skills|
|Concerned addiction is affecting your work or workplace||Our Corporate Complete Care Advantage, designed to support employees and employers as they navigate addiction and recovery in the workplace.|
|Worried about life after treatment||Our Continuing Care Program, to support you as you re-integrate into your daily home life.|
|Looking for housing after treatment||One of our many Community Partners who offer post-treatment housing. Call us at 1-866-232-1212 and we can put you in touch.|
|Looking to get “clean” or detox.||The ConnexOntario Helpline, 1-866-531-2600, can connect you with Withdrawal Management Services. If you are interested in treatment following detox, call 1-866-232-1212 and we’ll coordinate this.|
Don’t see what you need? Contact us anytime for a confidential assessment where we can match you with the support you’re looking for.
During our confidential telephone consultations, our qualified staff help people with questions about their addiction treatment choices, and which options will work best for them. For example, people often ask:
It’s hard to admit you have a cocaine addiction and can be even harder to step out of your life, work, and community for a month or longer. But you don’t have to tell everyone the details. You will likely want to tell your immediate family and closest friends where you are and why, but for everyone else, you can feel free to keep it private.
Tell people at school, work, or in your broader circle of friends and family that you’re going on an extended medical leave, and provide a note from your doctor or therapist to support your leave. If you need to tell your boss or professors more detail, you can simply tell them you are getting treatment for a condition or disorder affecting your life. In Ontario, addiction is recognized as a disability in the Human Rights Code, and so you are protected against discrimination based on your addiction.
Most importantly, don’t be dissuaded from treatment by labelling questions like “Am I an addict?” or “Are you an addict?” You might be, but whether you’re addicted or not, you’re always a person first, and many people experience addiction. Those same people can experience recovery that lasts a lifetime, and so can you.
At Renascent, all our counsellors have lived experiences of addiction and long-term recovery, so you’ll have the understanding and support you need at every step of your treatment.
People can and do recover from cocaine addiction. Lasting recovery is possible. However, a certain mindset is generally necessary in order for your addiction treatment to work and lead to life-long recovery. True healing happens when you are willing to surrender to certain principles.
First, you need to have a willingness to admit there is a problem. As with addiction to other drugs, cocaine addiction often leads to denial. Users shrink from confronting what is actually going on, the toll the drug is taking on their lives and relationships, and the severity of the problem. Admitting the truth about the impact of your addiction is an overwhelming experience, but it is essential to accepting help and ultimately recovering. Friends and partners, old and new, will need to know you are in recovery; being upfront makes everything easier.
You also need to have a sincere desire to stop using cocaine. A person must not merely pay lip service to the idea of getting clean and sober; it doesn’t work that way. Of course, you may not feel enthusiastic about having to give up cocaine, indeed you may be terrified at the prospect, but one must be willing to put cocaine aside in order to give treatment a fair shot.
And, you will need a willingness to consider complete abstinence as a means to successful cocaine addiction treatment. Someone with a cocaine or crack problem may not believe they have a problem with alcohol or any other drug, but generally speaking those who are entirely abstinent have a much better chance of recovering from cocaine addiction because alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs can be considered gateway drugs to cocaine.
It’s also important to follow your doctor’s instructions for any medicines prescribed to you for help in your treatment. And talk to your doctor if you think you need to make a change in how much medicine you’re taking, or for how long.
And finally, though challenging, you’ll have to find the strength to resist quitting when the work gets hard; that’s when the real healing begins. Trust that your counsellors and peers will support you through the hard times. And if you feel you need more time to reach lasting recovery at the end of your inpatient treatment, you can always talk to your counsellors about extending your stay. Once you leave inpatient treatment, stay connected to your recovery community — they’ll have your back and be able to understand what you’re going through in a way no one else will.
Once you’ve made the decision to get help, and begun your journey to recovery, you’ll also need a supportive, empathetic community around you. We simply need others around us who we can relate to. Some will be fellow recovering addicts who have come from their own individual isolation into a community dedicated to healing. Others may be co-workers, mentors, fellow students, or anyone else we learn to trust and rely on for companionship and community. We need to share our experiences with others, and avoid the old patterns and behaviours.
Try these suggestions for staying connected and supported during your treatment:
Pick your (new) friends. You may need to leave old friends who are still using behind as you move into your new sober life. You can stay in touch, but day-to-day it’s important to surround yourself instead with people who share your interests and support your drug-free lifestyle.
Reach out to an old support. How long has it been since you dropped your first counsellor a note to say how you were doing? How about the woman at detox who practically saved your life those first few days? Or the first speaker in recovery you ever heard, who seemed to be telling your story? Staying in contact helps us stay connected.
Be of service. It doesn’t have to be in the 12-step rooms, although that’s a great place to start; serving others out of a genuine desire to be helpful will increase your sense of connectedness, no matter where in the community you decide to serve.
Find a healthy hobby. Joining a running club or a knitting circle or taking riding lessons or learning tai chi will automatically throw you in with a group of like-minded people with whom you can form new — and hopefully lasting — connections.
Our team of doctors and counsellors are qualified, certified, and genuinely care for each and every client that walks through our doors. All of our counsellors have lived experiences of addiction and long-term recovery, making them compassionate and committed supporters along your entire treatment journey — something that sets Renascent apart from other addiction treatment centres.
Renascent is one of Ontario’s largest residential addiction treatment providers, and a national leader in the field of addiction treatment. We have maintained a steadfast commitment to our values and vision: to guide all people affected by substance addiction with hope, tools, and living examples to achieve a life of physical, mental, and spiritual health.
Our Boards and leadership team are guided by experts in the field of addiction and recovery, all of them dedicated to ensuring Renascent continues to offer the quality treatment and support needed for long-term healing:
“With over 40 years of experience, and over 45,000 people helped, Renascent has played a historic role in breaking down barriers and helping Canadians find recovery from this disease. Today and in the future, we are committed to bringing the best treatment to those who need it.”Laura Bhoi, Chief Executive Officer
“Renascent’s abstinence-based treatment through the 12-step modality is extremely well-suited for our Aboriginal clients, encouraging them to honour their own spiritual and cultural framework in recovery.”Dennis James, Director of Programs
“[Our clients] reach out to us at the most vulnerable point in their lives — we take that trust seriously and honour it every step of the way.”Tania Archer, Director, Business Development
Read more from our leadership team.
Your addiction recovery journey begins with “I need help.” We’ve helped almost 50,000 people recover from addiction. We can help you too.
For a free and confidential consultation with one of our counsellors, call 1-866-232-1212 anytime, day or night, or Contact Us Today.
What’s the sober equivalent of a champagne toast? In a culture that celebrates life’s successes with glasses raised, the recovery community gets to create their own ways of celebrating the joys that a life in recovery brings us. Here are three ways to celebrate your recovery:
1. Whether it’s been a day, a week, a month, or more, go get your chip. You deserve to have a room of people who know exactly what you’ve achieved cheer for you. Soak up that feeling of being congratulated by your community, and carry that chip like a trophy.
2. Set up a schedule for regularly celebrating you. Allocate time and/or money to treat yourself to something special, whether it’s a massage or a movie, a day to binge-watch a show you’re excited about, or a fancy meal with friends.
3. Pay it forward. Now that you’re enjoying a life in recovery, you have the ability to help someone else find it too. Talk to a newcomer at a meeting, volunteer, offer to be an alumni contact for recent alumni, become a monthly donor, or find another way to contribute to the recovery community that has supported you.
If you’re working in the mental healthcare profession, including addiction rehabilitation – or if you’re in recovery and treatment for addiction – chances are good that you’ve heard of the DSM-V (often referred to as the DSM-5).
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has been around since the 1950s, helping guide healthcare decision-making by doctors and other mental health professionals in North America and worldwide.
It’s not the only tool doctors use to help diagnose mental disorders like addictions, but it is a commonly used resource. And despite the criticism against it, and some of the challenges of using it in everyday practice, the DSM is a valuable tool healthcare professionals need to know about.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a handbook used by healthcare professionals to guide diagnosis of mental disorders. The DSM-5 (or DSM-V) is the latest edition of this handbook, published in 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association.
The DSM is constantly under review and revision by the Association as research and understanding of mental health increases and improves; further editions are expected if and when updates need to be made.
What makes the DSM so useful is its comprehensive catalogue of descriptions, symptoms, and other criteria for diagnosing mental disorders. It provides a common language for doctors to use when talking to each other, and to patients and their families, helping ensure consistent and reliable diagnoses as well as usable data for research.
The DSM is commonly used in addiction and rehabilitation to help diagnose and treat people’s addictions and other mental health issues.
Importantly, the DSM-5 defines addictions to alcohol and drugs as psychiatric disorders. By including addiction in the DSM as an aspect of mental health, the psychiatric profession has reinforced what we know from research and rehabilitation: that addiction is a brain disease.
The major change regarding addiction in the DSM-5 edition is that it combines together the categories of substance dependence (addiction marked by a pattern of compulsive use or loss of control) and substance abuse disorders (using in a manner that causes problems but does not have a pattern of compulsive use) under one broad category called “substance-related disorders”.
Specifically, the DSM-5 recognizes substance-related disorders resulting from the use of 10 separate classes of drugs:
Plus, the DSM-5 lists two distinct groups of substance-related disorders: substance use disorders and substance-induced disorders. Both groups are important in the diagnosis, treatment, and research of drug and alcohol use and addiction.
The DSM is not the only reference out there to diagnose addiction or any other mental health condition. The World Health Organization publishes the International Classification of Disease, which is often used side-by-side with the DSM as a compatible tool for diagnosis and monitoring.
Some, like the National Institutes of Health, have criticized the DSM for focusing too much on superficial symptoms and a lack of measurable, scientific signs of mental health disorders. Others, like Alcoholics Anonymous, prefer to use models outside such clinical classification systems.
However, here at Renascent we recognize that the DSM does contain the most up-to-date criteria currently used for diagnosing mental disorders like addiction, and that despite its challenges, it is routinely and widely used.
Even with tools and handbooks like the DSM, it can be difficult on your own to recognize and admit that you are addicted to drugs or alcohol.
There is unfortunately no single question that will definitively determine if you are an addict, but if you are here asking that very question, you can likely use help and someone to talk to.
Addiction is a serious disorder and real help is available. We’ve helped almost 50,000 people recover from addiction. We can help you too.
For a free and confidential consultation with one of our counsellors, or to get information on how to refer a patient to us, contact us today.
So many of us seek recovery when we are desperate and have tried our own ways and failed. We have had our share of pain and suffering and are looking for the solution. Yet the biggest riddle is this: When given the solution, many of are unwilling to fully accept it or do what we are told will make us better. Many of us want recovery on our own terms. “I’ll do this, but not that.”
I was one of those people. Initially, I never even wanted to be a sober person. Sobriety to me was the end of the road and signified the end of my life. Unknowingly, I sabotaged my every attempt to be sober. It took me six years of constant relapsing to become completely 100% willing to go to any lengths.
When I first entered AA, the initial problem I had was with God. I didn’t believe nor did I plan to. My mind was a steel trap. Completely closed. This was the first sign of my unwillingness. Straight out of the gate, I wanted it my way. I relapsed.
My next attempt at recovery was doomed because of my dislike of the 12 steps. I was aghast at the notion of being told that I might have some character defects or was less than perfect. How dare AA suggest that, without knowing me! No AA for me and I continued to relapse. I chose a different path of recovery, known as harm reduction. No 12 steps, no need for God. This I would do. I entered a harm reduction treatment centre and relapsed five days after leaving.
My options were running out and my relapses were getting worse. I didn’t yet understand that my alcoholism was progressing. My work was being affected, my family was at their wits’ end, and I was isolating and binge drinking. I decided I would give AA another try and imagined I would be finally healed. I went to some meetings and sat in the back row (relapse row). I never went early and I shot out of there as soon as the Lord’s Prayer was recited. I continued to relapse.
I decided to get a sponsor but was unwilling to calI her because I was full of fear, I had social anxiety, and a phone phobia. In my mind, I was going to AA, I was accepting God, and I had a sponsor and believed this was enough. Now when I relapsed though, my short spurts of binge drinking had progressed to not being able to stop once I took that first drink. The nightmare of a binge would not end until I went to the hospital.
I decided I was not connecting to my sponsor so I got a new one and she made me begin the steps. I started to get better and got a little bit of sobriety time. I didn’t really enjoy AA though. I didn’t connect to the fellowship. I still had some of my old friends and still wanted my old life. I was one foot in and unwilling to jump in with both feet. And although my relapses were farther apart, they had become dangerous, terrifying, and worst of all, life threatening. I was locked up in the psych ward on a Form 1 more than once, in and out of the hospital, suicide attempts, injuries, and loss of my driver’s licence. My body and my mind were no longer working properly. I was a shell of my former self.
I was beaten. I knew this disease was going to kill me so I put myself into Renascent. There began a journey of real recovery and the beginning of a new life. I became willing. I decided I would do anything and everything I was told to do. I did the work. After leaving Renascent I did their Continuing Care program, I did 90 meetings in 90 days, I did the 12 steps, and I got active in the program and in service. I went to retreats, round ups, conferences. I went to closed discussion meetings and Big Book studies. When I was afraid or unwilling, I prayed for help for strength and willingness. I built a foundation of trust in my Higher Power and began to think of myself as a student of AA and recovery. The more I did, the more I began to like it, and even love it. I learned tools to live happily in this world without the need or desire for any substance.
This past February I celebrated two years of sobriety.
I am continuing to learn and grow and I feel grateful every day. I look back at my stumbling blocks and I remember thinking that because I couldn’t understand how or why things worked, that they couldn’t possibly. I remember thinking “How will praying help me find a job and pay my bills?” “How will going to a meeting affect my day today?” I had been unwilling to listen and trust. In the end, I just had to do the things I was told to do.
At a 12-step retreat I attended a little over a year ago, I read something that has stuck with me, because it described the old me. It read, “Most people say to God, ‘Prove to me that you exist and I will believe in you.’ God says in return, ‘Believe in me, and I will prove to you I exist.’” For me, that says it all. Believe first. Do the work. Live a life beyond your greatest dreams.
Last year I went to India for two months to study yoga and meditation. This year I am travelling to Thailand for a month to volunteer for an organization that rescues street dogs. This is a life I never could have imagined. I have had a spiritual awakening and the desire to drink has been lifted from me. I have a love for recovery, for AA, and for 12-step living. I am no longer running the show; thank God for that!